Fine motor skills activities
You may have read our recent blog about developing handwriting skills, in which we discussed that fine motor skills are just one of the skills required for developing handwriting. In this blog, we will tell you a little bit more about fine motor skills, why they are important, and tell you about some of our favourite activities for developing fine motor skills.
What are fine motor skills?
The term ‘fine motor’ describes the use of the smaller muscles in the hands to manipulate small items such as beads, fasteners, and pencils. Fine motor skills are essential for many functional and academic skills, including:
- Brushing teeth
- Using cutlery
- Using a phone or computer
- Scissor skills
- Building Lego models
- Fastening zips, buttons, and laces
Why are fine motor skills important?
Fine motor skills are the building blocks for many everyday skills involved in meeting our self-care, play, and learning needs. Without effective fine motor skills, many of the activities that we complete daily – and may take for granted – would not be possible. These skills are therefore essential in child development.
How can my child develop their fine motor skills?
Any activity with requires coordination or strengthening of the hand muscles will support with developing fine motor skills. We have broken these activities down into the main skills required for effective fine motor development, so you can have a go with your little ones at home.
- Posting coins or tokens into a money box slot
- Threading beads onto a lace
- Playing with musical instruments
- Building Duplo or Lego projects
- Playing Jenga
- Building a tower
- Sorting beads or toys by colour/ shape/ size
- Sensory messy play
- Retrieving small items from putty, playdough, sand, or rice
- Stabilise spaghetti in playdough and thread beads or cheerios on
- Wrap elastic bands round favourite toys
- Play with different textured sensory bags
- Wrap toys in tinfoil for ‘present’ unwrapping
- Kneading bread or pasta dough
- Completing heavy work activities (e.g. pushing a heavy box)
- Making salt dough decorations
- Baking and decorating cookies
- Playing with playdough, clay, or putty.
- Fill a squeezy bottle with water for a water fight or messy play
- Spread elastic bands using finger tips and place over bottle or jar
- Use pegs or jumbo tweezers to pick up and sort items
- Wash toys using a sponge and water (squeeze the sponge each time)
- Scrunch paper, card or foil into balls
- Use spray bottles to water plants
Mark making, handwriting, and self-care
- Painting with a brush or fingers
- Tracing shapes with index finger in sand or paint
- Water painting: use a brush and water to paint pictures on a fence or outdoor wall
- Tape paper to the wall for vertical drawing
- Place different items (e.g. feathers) in paint and press onto paper to make prints
- Obstacle course: place beads on paper and draw a path around them
- Sprinkle flower on a tray and draw patterns in the ‘snow’
- Use a toy car or boat to follow pre-drawn lines (e.g. diagonal, curvy, straight…)
- Place pegs on the back of your child’s shirt (at the bottom) to reach around and remove to develop the skills for wiping.
- Laminate a picture of teeth and put playdough ‘food’ onto teeth to brush off with a spare toothbrush.
We hope that you and your little ones have some fun with these activities, let us know in the comments which ones you try, and which were your favourites! If you have any questions about this topic or are concerned about your child’s fine motor development, send us an email at email@example.com.
About the Author
Paediatric Occupational Therapist
Lilly is an enthusiastic and approachable individual with a passion for supporting children, teenagers and young adults in finding meaning and independence in their lives. Lilly specialises in the area of assessment and intervention for individuals with a range of challenges and diagnoses, including autism, dyspraxia, anxiety and mental health.
In 2019, Lilly completed a Master’s Degree in Language and Communication, in which she researched and advocated for communication rights and the importance of person-centred care. Lilly has a particular interest in supporting children and young people living with mental health difficulties and learning disabilities, often taking creative approaches in this. Lilly is a strong believer that everyone has a right to independence and thrives to support her clients in achieving this.
Lilly currently provides a range of assessments, consultation and therapeutic interventions for children, adolescents and young adults in the Seirrah Therapies clinic, in schools and in homes across the UK. Lilly has experience of conducting assessments and writing reports as part of the Special Educational Needs (SEN) Tribunal process in collaboration with our Highly Specialist Paediatric Occupational Therapist.